Where Are the Bald Eagles at Conowingo Dam?

Key Takeaways:

  • The best location to see bald eagles at Conowingo Dam is at the public access area at Shures Landing Road.
  • Dozens of bald eagles nest and live permanently in Susquehanna State Park near the dam.
  • Over 100 bald eagles gather at the dam each winter to feast on fish.
  • The dam provides excellent photographic opportunities to capture bald eagles in flight.
  • The winter months, especially December to February, are the prime viewing season.


The bald eagle is the majestic national emblem of the United States and a beloved bird that symbolizes freedom and strength. Over the last few decades, bald eagle populations have made an inspiring comeback after facing the threat of extinction. Nowadays, one of the most remarkable places to witness these regal birds is at the Conowingo Dam in Darlington, Maryland.

This comprehensive article will evaluate where to find bald eagles at the expansive Conowingo Dam and highlight the best areas for viewing and photography. The key locations, nesting grounds, seasonal patterns, and behavior of the eagles in the dam vicinity will be analyzed in depth. After reading, you will know exactly where to look for bald eagles and how to maximize your chances of observing them around this major Susquehanna River landmark.

The information provided here is extensively researched and draws from the latest expert perspectives on the Conowingo eagles. Whether you are a casual tourist, avid birdwatcher, or wildlife photographer, this guide will prove valuable in directing you to the precise bald eagle hotspots at Conowingo Dam. Planning your visit strategically using these insights will lead to a far richer experience.

Where are the Best Locations to Find Bald Eagles at Conowingo Dam?

Where is the Public Access Area to View Bald Eagles?

The best public area for viewing bald eagles at Conowingo Dam is at the observation platforms and parking lots near Shures Landing Road off Route 1. The address is 2569 Shures Landing Road in Darlington, Maryland. This location provides close-up views of the dam itself and any eagle activity around it.

There are three main parking lots at Shures Landing Road providing easy pedestrian access to the observation decks. The parking areas are open daily from dawn till dusk. These vantage points are ideal for spotting bald eagles on the river, in flight, or perched on the rocks below the dam.

Where are the Bald Eagle Nests Around Conowingo Dam?

In the forests and ravines around Conowingo Dam, there are over 25 bald eagle nesting territories mapped out (Maryland DNR, 2022). These enormous nests, weighing around 1,000 pounds each, are spread out along the Susquehanna River shoreline above and below the dam.

Many nests are visible from the Harford County side of the river across from the dam. However, some of the best views are from the Cecil County side, in the woods below the Fisherman's Parking Lot. A cluster of several nests can be seen from various pull-off points along Shures Landing Road.

During nesting season from December to July, breeding bald eagles can often be spotted at, or flying to and from, these colossal nests as they raise their eaglets.

Where are the Best Places to Photograph Bald Eagles?

The Fisherman's Parking Lot on the Cecil County side provides exceptional views and angles for photographing bald eagles in flight over and around Conowingo Dam. The eagles glide past frequently at eye level as they hunt for fish. This area includes platforms built specifically for photographers.

Bald eagles fishing and roosting on rocks in the river can also be photographed from the Fisherman's Lot. Another top photography spot is the eastern Overlook Parking Lot which looks over the dam itself. The Route 1 Bridge over the Susquehanna River also allows photographers to capture perspectives looking upriver.

In general, higher vantage points above the tree line optimize open sight lines for photography. Arriving early in the day when lighting conditions are ideal significantly improves photographic opportunities as well.

When are Bald Eagles Most Active and Abundant?

During Which Months are Bald Eagles Most Numerous at Conowingo Dam?

The peak months to see the highest numbers of bald eagles at Conowingo Dam are from December to February (Pearson, 2017). This corresponds with the wintering season when eagles from further north migrate down into Maryland.

Well over 100 bald eagles congregate in the Conowingo Dam area throughout the winter. Counts of over 200 individual bald eagles have been recorded at times, making it one of the densest eagle populations in the mid-Atlantic region (Explore Harford, 2022).

As the winter ends and spring arrives, most migratory eagles will depart by March or April. However, it is still common to observe bald eagles at the dam year-round since some are permanent residents.

Why do Bald Eagles Gather at Conowingo Dam in Winter?

The enormous numbers of bald eagles that flock to Conowingo Dam each winter are attracted by the easy availability of fish. The water passing through the hydroelectric dam draws fish through the turbines. Many injured fish falling through the dam are an easy source of food for the eagles.

The turbulent waters below the dam also bring fish closer to the surface where they are more vulnerable to the eagles. Below the dam, the broad mouth of Octoraro Creek feeds into the Susquehanna providing even more rich eagle hunting grounds.

The riverside forests offer ample roosting perches and trees suitable for nest building. The totality of food, shelter, and nesting habitat make the Conowingo Dam vicinity the perfect winter refuge for bald eagles.

What Times of Day are Best for Eagle Viewing?

Early morning hours tend to be the most active period for bald eagles around the dam as they depart from roosting areas to begin hunting. Peak activity is often between 7 AM to 11 AM as the eagles take advantage of warmer updrafts and sunlight to spot fish.

Late afternoon is another time they actively hunt from the air for any last meals before nightfall. Midday hours may see fewer eagles in flight but provide opportunities to spot them perched or feeding. Overcast days also tend to keep the eagles flying and visible for longer.

What Eagle Behaviors Can Be Observed?

Can Bald Eagles be Seen Fishing Below Conowingo Dam?

One of the most exciting aspects of observing bald eagles at Conowingo Dam is witnessing them fish the turbulent waters below the dam. The surging currents churn up stunned baitfish which the eagles adroitly snatch in their talons or directly with their bills.

Seeing a bald eagle swiftly plunge feet-first to snag a fish provides a vivid look into the species' power and mastery of hunting. This scene plays out from the rocks immediately under the dam as well as anywhere beneath the outflows.

Where Can Bald Eagles be Seen Roosting?

Bald eagles can often be spotted roosting in trees around Conowingo Dam, particularly on the Cecil County side. Large sycamore trees on the southern end along Shures Landing Road are prime roosting spots. Eagles may perch there for prolonged periods throughout the day and night.

Early morning and late afternoons are the best times to observe roosting behavior. Look for eagles settled high on open horizontal branches with their white heads prominently visible. Seeing them silently perched provides a sense of their calm dignity.

What Courtship and Nesting Behaviors Can be Observed?

From their nests along the Susquehanna River, breeding bald eagles engage in courtship displays and nesting behaviors from December through July. Dramatic courtship flights may be seen where the pair climbs high in the sky, locks talons, and tumbles together back toward earth.

Once eggs are laid, adult eagles take turns incubating and can be spotted changing brooding duties. After hatching, the adults make frequent flights to and from the nests providing food for the hungry eaglets. The sight of the fuzzy gray chicks peering over the nest edge becomes increasingly visible as they grow.

How Often Can Bald Eagles be Seen Flying Over the River?

During winter months, bald eagles make frequent flights over and along the Susquehanna River near Conowingo Dam all day long. The eagles survey the area looking for any prey activity in the water to dive upon. Sometimes 20 or 30 bald eagles can be counted swirling over the skies at the same time.

Patient observers can expect to see an eagle pass over the river every 5 to 15 minutes on average. However, some days may witness far more frequent eagle flights back and forth, especially when fish are spawning or boating traffic is stirring up baitfish. Over 100 flight sightings are possible on a single winter day!

Frequently Asked Questions

When is the Best Time to See the Most Bald Eagles at Conowingo?

The single best time is December and January in the early morning hours around sunrise. This coincides with peak winter migration and the most consistent eagle activity as they depart from roosts to begin hunting each day.

What Should I Bring if Visiting Conowingo Dam to See Eagles?

Binoculars and cameras are highly recommended to get the closest views. Dress for the weather as you will be outside extensively. Bring cash for any entrance fees and snacks/lunch if spending a full day. Also have your charged mobile phone, water, and layers of clothing.

Where Should I Position Myself for the Best Eagle Viewing?

The prime spot is the Fisherman's Parking Lot on the Cecil County side, especially early in the day. Other ideal options include the eastern Overlook Parking Lot and the observation platforms at Shures Landing Road nearest the dam and river.

Is it Possible to See Bald Eagles During Other Seasons?

Yes, bald eagles inhabit the Conowingo Dam area year-round. Spring through fall will see lower numbers than winter, but patient observers can still regularly spot bald eagles fishing, flying, and tending nests during warmer months.

Do I Need Binoculars or Telescopes to View the Bald Eagles?

Binoculars are highly recommended for getting the closest views but are not completely essential. Some eagles can be visible to the naked eye, especially when in flight or perched on close rocks. But binoculars allow more intimate visibility and are a key piece of gear for eagle watchers.


In summary, Conowingo Dam and the adjacent Susquehanna River offer a uniquely vivid bald eagle spectacle throughout the winter. Over a hundred eagles, migrating from the north, congregate to feast on the plentiful fish supply below the dam's churning waters.

The ideal public viewing spots are the observation and parking areas at Shures Landing Road and the Fisherman's Parking Lot on the Cecil County side. These locations allow exceptional opportunities to photograph the eagles as they fly, fish, and roost around the dam.

To maximize your chances of witnessing the highest bald eagle activity, time your visit for December and January and arrive early in the morning. Observers who strategically take advantage of these researched insights will be rewarded with frequent bald eagle sightings and a truly memorable experience. A wintertime visit to Conowingo Dam serves as a testament to the resilience and grandeur of our national symbol


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