What Is the Survival Rate for Turner Syndrome?

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition affecting females and has implications for life expectancy and survival at various stages of life. Understanding the survival rate can help assess the prognosis for those diagnosed with Turner syndrome. This article will analyze the available research on survival at different points—from prenatal development through adulthood—to paint a comprehensive picture. Key facts include:

Key Takeaways on Turner Syndrome Survival Rates

  • Fetal survival is extremely low, with 98-99% dying in utero.
  • Child and adult survival rates are typically good, though slightly below average.
  • Heart disease significantly impacts survival among Turner patients.
  • With proper monitoring, quality of life and lifespan have greatly improved.


Turner syndrome, occurring in around 1 in 2000 to 1 in 5000 females, results from the complete or partial loss of the second X chromosome. The array of symptoms and medical concerns associated with the condition can influence an individual’s life expectancy and survival rate. Understanding the prognosis at different life stages provides valuable perspective.

This article will thoroughly examine the survival statistics tied to Turner syndrome in fetal development, childhood, and adulthood. Compiling research from studies and medical analyses will result in a comprehensive overview of the survival outlook throughout the lifespan of those affected. Readers will gain insight into a central question surrounding the condition: what is the survival rate at each stage?

By exploring the data around survival probabilities, risk factors impacting longevity, and changes over recent decades, readers will have an informative reference. The collated statistics and studies provide key context beyond anecdotal data points. Additionally, the analysis considers both historical survival data as well as promising improvements in recent medical care.

Let us explore the intricacies of Turner syndrome survival rates across the developmental spectrum. This will illuminate a full range prognosis as patients progress from fetal life to adolescence and adulthood.

Evaluating Turner Syndrome Survival at Different Life Stages

Turner syndrome manifests itself differently throughout an individual’s life, influencing survival statistics accordingly. Examining the data for various ages and stages paints a detailed picture.

What Is the Fetal Survival Rate with Turner Syndrome?

The first glimpse into Turner syndrome survival rates arises before birth during fetal development. Here, the statistics indicate an overwhelmingly high mortality rate.

  • Turner syndrome fetuses have an extremely high rate of spontaneous miscarriage and stillbirth of approximately 98-99%. This demonstrates very low survival in the prenatal stage.
  • A 2015 Danish study found a fetal survival rate of just 2.5% for Turner syndrome pregnancies. Most resulted in first or second trimester miscarriages.
  • Heart and kidney defects in Turner newborns contribute to the poor fetal survival outlook. However, the high rate of pregnancy loss occurs independently of these factors as well.

The prospects in prenatal life are therefore very poor for fetuses with Turner syndrome. The genetic aberration makes survival to birth highly unlikely. Ongoing research aims to understand this profound prenatal mortality more fully.

What Are the Childhood and Adult Survival Rates?

For individuals with Turner syndrome who survive birth, lifespan and survival rates during childhood and adulthood typically match or come close to the general population. However, the data still show slightly reduced survival probabilities versus unaffected females.

  • A British study followed 157 Turner syndrome patients over 40 years. It found an overall 8.4 year decrease in life expectancy for those patients compared to the control group.
  • Congenital cardiovascular abnormalities present one of the most significant mortality factors for people with Turner, who have a 3-fold increased risk of dying from heart disease.
  • Beyond heart issues, a 2016 Danish study of over 1,000 adult Turner patients found an increased overall risk of death by 70% versus the general female population.
  • Improvements in modern medicine have positively impacted survival, though risks remain elevated. Adult women with Turner syndrome who received proper monitoring and therapies in Denmark from 1995-2015 had a 50% lower mortality risk than those in earlier decades.

So while the survival rate beyond early fetal life is relatively positive for individuals with Turner syndrome, they still face higher risks that modestly lower life expectancy. Proper medical management can significantly improve the outlook.

Key Questions About Turner Syndrome Survival Statistics

What causes the high fetal mortality rate?

The approximately 98-99% fetal death rate is not fully understood but likely stems from the chromosomal abnormalities making development nonviable. Amniocentesis or ultrasound frequently leads to discovery of Turner syndrome in fetuses, followed by miscarriage or stillbirth.

How has modern medicine impacted Turner syndrome survival?

Advancements allowing better cardiovascular monitoring and disease prevention have particularly helped extend survival. Hormone therapies have also shown benefits. Overall, individuals born in recent decades have enjoyed up to 50% lower mortality risks than their predecessors.

What is the average life expectancy with Turner syndrome today?

While historically around 8 years below the general female populace, some recent estimates put the current average life expectancy for Turner patients only 3 years lower at approximately 74-77 years. Proper monitoring and therapies continue to positively impact longevity.

What causes the higher mortality rates in adults?

Increased susceptibility to circulatory illnesses and aortic problems largely drive the reduced life expectancy. Risk of hypertension, diabetes, thyroid issues, and autoimmune disorders also factor into the elevated adult Turner mortality.

Could fetal survival rates improve in the future?

While still extremely unlikely, fetal survival could potentially increase with better identification of Turner syndrome from prenatal testing. Turner pregnancies face over 90% risk of miscarriage even today, but identifying factors that occasionally allow live birth could have promise for improving viability.


In summary, Turner syndrome survival rates shift significantly between the profound fetal mortality, relatively typical childhood/adulthood survival, and recent improvements with modern medicine. However, risks persist from cardiovascular factors that merit monitoring to optimize longevity. By understanding the nuances of survival data across the lifespan, patients and practitioners can make informed health decisions. Although questions remain, the prognosis for Turner lifespan continues to progress in a positive direction.


The Editorial Team at AnswerCatch.com brings you insightful and accurate content on a wide range of topics. Our diverse team of talented writers is passionate about providing you with the best possible reading experience.